Develop, introduce, or enact laws and statutes at the local, tribal, state, or federal level. Includes only workers in elected positions.
- Analyze and understand the local and national implications of proposed legislation.
- Appoint nominees to leadership posts, or approve such appointments.
- Confer with colleagues to formulate positions and strategies pertaining to pending issues.
- Debate the merits of proposals and bill amendments during floor sessions, following the appropriate rules of procedure.
- Develop expertise in subject matters related to committee assignments.
- Hear testimony from constituents, representatives of interest groups, board and commission members, and others with an interest in bills or issues under consideration.
- Keep abreast of the issues affecting constituents by making personal visits and phone calls, reading local newspapers, and viewing or listening to local broadcasts.
- Maintain knowledge of relevant national and international current events.
- Make decisions that balance the perspectives of private citizens, public officials, and party leaders.
- Negotiate with colleagues or members of other political parties in order to reconcile differing interests, and to create policies and agreements.
- Prepare drafts of amendments, government policies, laws, rules, regulations, budgets, programs and procedures.
- Read and review concerns of constituents or the general public and determine if governmental action is necessary.
- Represent their parties in negotiations with political executives or members of other parties, and when speaking with the media.
- Review bills in committee, and make recommendations about their future.
- Seek federal funding for local projects and programs.
- Serve on commissions, investigative panels, study groups, and committees in order to examine specialized areas and recommend action.
- Vote on motions, amendments, and decisions on whether or not to report a bill out from committee to the assembly floor.
- Write, prepare, and deliver statements for the Congressional Record.
- Alert constituents of government actions and programs by way of newsletters, personal appearances at town meetings, phone calls, and individual meetings.
- Attend receptions, dinners, and conferences to meet people, exchange views and information, and develop working relationships.
- Conduct “head counts” to help predict the outcome of upcoming votes.
- Determine campaign strategies for media advertising, positions on issues, and public appearances.
- Encourage and support party candidates for political office.
- Establish personal offices in local districts or states, and manage office staff.
- Evaluate the structure, efficiency, activities, and performance of government agencies.
- Organize and maintain campaign organizations and fundraisers, in order to raise money for election or re-election.
- Oversee expense allowances, ensuring that accounts are balanced at the end of each fiscal year.
- Promote the industries and products of their electoral districts.
- Represent their government at local, national, and international meetings and conferences.
- Speak to students to encourage and support the development of future political leaders.
- Access software — Cisco AnyConnect
- Calendar and scheduling software — Meeting scheduling software
- Cloud-based data access and sharing software — Microsoft SharePoint
- Communications server software — IBM Domino
- Data base user interface and query software — Legislative Automative Workflow System LAWS; Microsoft Access ; Microsoft SQL Server ; Structured query language SQL
- Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe FrameMaker; Antenna House; Rocket/Folio NXT
- Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Exchange ; Microsoft Outlook
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Map creation software — Mapping software
- Music or sound editing software — Windows Media Player
- Office suite software — Corel WordPerfect Office Suite; Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Apple iWork Keynote
- Spreadsheet software — Apple Numbers for Mac; Microsoft Excel
- Video conferencing software — Cisco Systems Webex; LogMeIn GoToMeeting
- Word processing software — Apple Pages for Mac; GoodReader; Microsoft Word ; XMetaL Author (see all 7 examples)
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
Detailed Work Activities
- Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.
- Represent the organization in external relations.
- Present information to the public.
- Support the professional development of others.
- Analyze impact of legal or regulatory changes.
- Approve expenditures.
- Confer with organizational members to accomplish work activities.
- Coordinate operational activities with external stakeholders.
- Develop marketing plans or strategies.
- Draft legislation or regulations.
- Establish interpersonal business relationships to facilitate work activities.
- Evaluate program effectiveness.
- Hire personnel.
- Manage outreach activities.
- Prepare proposals or grant applications to obtain project funding.
- Promote products, services, or programs.
- Recommend organizational process or policy changes.
- Resolve customer complaints or problems.
- Supervise employees.
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Interest code: ES Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$33,200 annual|
|Employment (2020)||52,200 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Average (5% to 10%)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||4,300|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.