CACI 3506 Effect of Improvements

California Civil Jury Instructions CACI

3506 Effect of Improvements

In determining the fair market value of the property you must consider both the value of the land and whether any buildings, machinery, or other equipment attached to the property increase or decrease the value of the property.

Directions for Use

The court decides as a legal issue whether an improvement is a fixture “pertaining to the realty.” (Code Civ. Proc., § 1260.030.)

Sources and Authority

Improvements to Property Compensable. Code of Civil Procedure section 1263.210(a).

“Improvements” Defined. Code of Civil Procedure section 1263.205(a).

Removal of Property Without Substantial Economic Loss. Code of Civil Procedure section 1263.205(b).

“[T]he market value of land and the improvements thereon is the market value thereof viewed as a whole and not separately.” (South Bay Irrigation Dist. v. California-American Water Co. (1976) 61 Cal.App.3d 944, 986 [133 Cal.Rptr. 166], internal citation omitted.)

Secondary Sources

8 Witkin, Summary of California Law (11th ed. 2017) Constitutional Law, §§ 1362, 1363
1 Condemnation Practice in California (Cont.Ed.Bar 3d ed.) § 4.55
4 Nichols on Eminent Domain, Ch. 13, Fair Market Value—Physical Character, §§ 13.02, 13.12 (Matthew Bender)
20 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 247, Eminent Domain and Inverse Condemnation, § 247.136 (Matthew Bender)