CACI VF-3404 Horizontal Restraints (Use for Direct Competitors)—Group Boycott—Per Se Violation
California Civil Jury Instructions CACI
VF-3404 Horizontal Restraints (Use for Direct Competitors)—Group Boycott—Per Se Violation
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1.Did [name of defendant] [and [name of alleged coparticipant]] agree to [specify claimed refusal to deal, e.g., “refuse to sell to [name of plaintiff]”]?
If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2.Was [name of defendant]’s conduct a substantial factor in causing harm to [name of plaintiff]?
If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3.What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages? $
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised December 2010, December 2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 3403, Horizontal Restraints (Use for Direct Competitors)—Group Boycott—Per Se Violation—Essential Factual Elements.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801, 814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest. This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual findings that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.